"Flooding oil" : investigating poor health in vulnerable communities in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria
The Niger Delta region in Nigeria has been exploited for decades due to extensive oil and gas deposits that have led to devastating livelihood and health consequences. In addition to oil and gas industry impacts, floods are intensifying in Niger Delta communities that have annual flooding during the rainy season (April to October). In 2012, Nigeria experienced a severe flooding event that damaged infrastructure and livelihoods with virtually no studies completed about the health consequences. This dissertation research study aims to fill this scholarly gap by disentangling the emerging health concerns in Niger Delta oil communities with particular attention to women and children as they are sensitive indicators of population health. It utilizes a mixed-methods approach with the inclusion of Eco-Syndemics and African womanism theoretical perspectives. It was found that the Niger Delta has multiple pre-existing vulnerabilities that put the population at more risk during flooding events. Also, through an evaluation of airborne concentrations of chemicals released by gas flares and a retrospective, cross-sectional comparison, women and children in Uzere (oil community) have greater exposure levels to toxic chemicals released and more health concerns than similar women and children in Aviara (non-oil community), even though both communities are located in flood-prone areas in the Niger Delta. Overall, this dissertation research advances our understanding of the complexity of health hazards in communities close to oil and gas activities in the midst of more severe flooding. It also enriches scholarly and policy debates by providing an initial assessment of the link between climate variability and health in vulnerable communities. -- Abstract.Read
- In Collections
Electronic Theses & Dissertations
- Copyright Status
- In Copyright
- Material Type
Barry, Fatoumata Binta
- Thesis Advisors
Grady, Sue C.
- Committee Members
Arbogast, Alan F.
Zulu, Leo C.
Edozie, Rita K.
Petroleum industry and trade--Health aspects
Natural disasters--Health aspects
Scheduled tribes in India--Social conditions
Scheduled tribes in India--Economic conditions
Nigeria--Niger River Delta
- Program of Study
Geography - Doctor of Philosophy
- Degree Level
- x, 183 pages