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- Collaboration based spectrum sharing algorithms in cognitive radio networks
- Hyder, Chowdhury Sayeed
- Electronic Theses & Dissertations
Radio spectrum assignment to wireless providers using traditional fixed allocation policy will no longer be a viable technique to meet the growing spectrum demand of emerging wireless applications. This is because while the available pool of unassigned radio spectrum is low, the spectrum already assigned to existing applications is also often underutilized in time, frequency, and location. With features like transmission flexibility and adaptability cognitive radio (CR) provides auseful means...
Show moreRadio spectrum assignment to wireless providers using traditional fixed allocation policy will no longer be a viable technique to meet the growing spectrum demand of emerging wireless applications. This is because while the available pool of unassigned radio spectrum is low, the spectrum already assigned to existing applications is also often underutilized in time, frequency, and location. With features like transmission flexibility and adaptability cognitive radio (CR) provides auseful means of spectrum sharing among growing users as an alternative to the current fixed policy. The cognitive radio network (CRN), based on the functionality of CR, consists of two types of users — primary users (PU) and secondary users (SU). Primary users are licensed users who have exclusive access rights of a fixed spectrum range. Secondary users are unlicensed users who opportunistically exploit the spectrum holes or negotiate with primary users to earn transmissionaccess rights.The CRN based efficient spectrum sharing algorithms work on different forms of collaboration between the PUs and the SUs (inter-user collaboration) and among the SUs themselves (intra-user collaboration). In the sensing based collaboration model, the SUs sense licensed spectrum and collaboratively decide about its availability based on the sensing results without any involvements from the PUs. In the relay based collaboration model, the SUs coordinate with the PUs directly,relay primary packets in exchange for transmission opportunities, and thus build a win-win cooperative framework to attainmutual benefits. In the auction based collaborationmodel, the SUs bid for temporary or permanent usage rights of unused licensed spectrum bands that are put into auction for sale by the PUs. Each of these collaboration models faces different sets of challenges towardsachieving high spectrum utilization. In this dissertation, we address some of these challenges and present a set of efficient spectrum sharing algorithms based on these collaboration models.The first work in this dissertation addresses the spectrum sensing data falsification (SSDF) attack in IEEE 802.22 wireless regional area network (WRAN) under the sensing based collaboration model. We discuss different strategies of manipulating sensing reports by one or more malicious users and how these manipulation strategies may affect the spectrum utilization. To defend against such malicious attacks, we present an adaptive reputation based clustering algorithm. The algorithm combines the clustering technique with feedback based reputation adjustment to prevent independent and collaborative SSDF attacks and quarantines the attackers from the decision making process.Our next set of work in this dissertation falls under the relay based collaboration model. We investigate the feasibility of this collaboration model in the case of real-time applications. We quantify the impact of packet deadlines and cooperation overhead on the system performance. We discuss the impact of interference that may cause from secondary transmissions. Based on the analysis, we develop an interference aware reliable cooperative framework which improves the packet reception rate of both users with low overhead. We extend our investigation of this relay based collaboration model from single hop to multiple hops in the form of cooperative routing. We formulate the routing problem as an overlapping coalition formation game where each coalition represents a routing path between primary source and destination consisting of multiple SUs as intermediate relays. The proposed model allows SUs to participate in more than one coalitions and creates more transmission opportunities for them while achieving stable routing paths for PUs.Our final set of work in this dissertation deals with the challenges in the auction based collaboration model. We consider an online setting of spectrum auctions where participation and valuation of both bidders and sellers are stochastic. We analyze the behavior of bidders and sellers in such settings and develop truthful auction mechanisms with respect to bid and time, improving spectrum reuse, auction efficiency, and revenue. The findings from our research will help to understand the underlying challenges in future networks, build a better spectrum ecosystem, and encourage new spectrum sharing models in wireless broadband communications.