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- On design and implementation of fast & secure network protocols for datacenters
- Munir, Ali (Graduate of Michigan State University)
- Electronic Theses & Dissertations
My PhD work focuses on improving the performance and security of networked systems. For network performance, my research focuses on scheduling and transport in datacenter networks. For network security, my research focuses on multipath TCP security.To improve the performance of datacenter transport, I proposed PASE, a near-optimal and deployment friendly transport protocol. To this end, I first identified the underlying strategies used by existing datacenter transports. Next, I showed that...
Show moreMy PhD work focuses on improving the performance and security of networked systems. For network performance, my research focuses on scheduling and transport in datacenter networks. For network security, my research focuses on multipath TCP security.To improve the performance of datacenter transport, I proposed PASE, a near-optimal and deployment friendly transport protocol. To this end, I first identified the underlying strategies used by existing datacenter transports. Next, I showed that these strategies are complimentary to each other, rather than substitutes, as they have different strengths and can address each other's limitations. Unfortunately, prior datacenter transports use only one of these strategies and as a result they either achieve near-optimal performance or deployment friendliness but not both. Based on this insight, I designed a datacenter transport protocol called PASE, which carefully synthesizes these strategies by assigning different transport responsibility to each strategy. To further improve the performance of datacenter transport in multi-tenant networks, I proposed Stacked Congestion Control (SCC), to achieve performance isolation and objective scheduling simultaneously. SCC is a distributed host-based bandwidth allocation framework, where an underlay congestion control layer handles contention among tenants, and a private congestion control layer for each tenant optimizes its performance objective. To my best knowledge, no prior work supported performance isolation and objective scheduling simultaneously.To improve task scheduling performance in datacenters, I proposed NEAT, a task scheduling framework that leverages information from the underlying network scheduler to make task placement decisions. Existing datacenter schedulers optimize either the placement of tasks or the scheduling of network flows. Inconsistent assumptions of the two schedulers can compromise the overall application performance. The core of NEAT is a task completion time predictor that estimates the completion time of a task under given network condition and a given network scheduling policy. Next, a distributed task placement framework leverages the predicted task completion times to make task placement decisions and minimize the average completion time of active tasks.To improve multipath TCP (MPTCP) security, I reported vulnerabilities in MPTCP that arise because of cross-path interactions between MPTCP subflows. MPTCP allows two endpoints to simultaneously use multiple paths between them. An attacker eavesdropping one MPTCP subflow can infer throughput of other subflows and also can inject forged MPTCP packets to change priorities of any MPTCP subflow. Attacker can exploit these vulnerabilities to launch the connection hijack attack on the paths he has no access to, or to divert traffic from one path to other paths. My proposed vulnerabilities fixes, changes to MPTCP specification, provide the guarantees that MPTCP is at least as secure as TCP and the original MPTCP. And has been adopted by IETF.