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- Experiments and model development of a dual mode, turbulent jet ignition engine
- Tolou, Sedigheh
- Electronic Theses & Dissertations
"The number of vehicles powered by a source of energy other than traditional petroleum fuels will increase as time passes. However, based on current predictions, vehicles run on liquid fuels will be the major source of transportation for decades to come. Advanced combustion technologies can improve fuel economy of internal combustion (IC) engines and reduce exhaust emissions. The Dual Mode, Turbulent Jet Ignition (DM-TJI) system is an advanced, distributed combustion technology which can...
Show more"The number of vehicles powered by a source of energy other than traditional petroleum fuels will increase as time passes. However, based on current predictions, vehicles run on liquid fuels will be the major source of transportation for decades to come. Advanced combustion technologies can improve fuel economy of internal combustion (IC) engines and reduce exhaust emissions. The Dual Mode, Turbulent Jet Ignition (DM-TJI) system is an advanced, distributed combustion technology which can achieve high diesel-like thermal efficiencies at medium to high loads and potentially exceed diesel efficiencies at low-load operating conditions. The DM-TJI strategy extends the mixture flammability limits by igniting lean and/or highly dilute mixtures, leading to low-temperature combustion (LTC) modes in spark ignition (SI) engines. A novel, reduced order, and physics-based model was developed to predict the behavior of a DM-TJI engine with a pre-chamber air valve assembly. The engine model developed was calibrated based on experimental data from a Prototype II DM-TJI engine. This engine was designed, built, and tested at the MSU Energy and Automotive Research Laboratory (EARL). A predictive, generalized model was introduced to obtain a complete engine fuel map for the DM-TJI engine. The engine fuel map was generated in a four-cylinder boosted configuration under highly dilute conditions, up to 40% external exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). A vehicle simulation was then performed to further explore fuel economy gains using the fuel map generated for the DM-TJI engine. The DM-TJI engine was embodied in an industry-based vehicle to examine the behavior of the engine over the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) driving schedules. The results obtained from the drive cycle analysis of the DM-TJI engine in an industry-based vehicle were compared to the results of the same vehicle with its original engine. The vehicle equipped with the DM-TJI system was observed to benefit from 103033% improvement in fuel economy and 103031% reduction in CO2 emission over the EPA combined city/high driving schedules. Potential improvements were discussed, as these results of the drive cycle analysis are the first-ever reported results for a DM-TJI engine embodied in an industry-based vehicle. The resulting fuel economy and CO2 emission were used to conduct a cost-benefit analysis of a DM-TJI engine. The cost-benefit analysis followed the economic and key inputs used by the U.S. EPA in a Proposed Determination prepared by that agency. The outcomes of the cost-benefit analysis for the vehicle equipped with the DM-TJI system were reported in comparison with the same vehicle with its base engine. The extra costs of a DM-TJI engine were observed to be compensated over the first three years of the vehicle's life time. The results projected maximum savings of approximately 2400 in 2019 dollars. This includes the lifetime-discounted present value of the net benefits of the DM-TJI technology, compared to the base engine examined. In this dollar saving estimate, the societal effects of CO2 emission were calculated based on values by the interagency working group (IWG) at 3% discount rate."--Pages ii-iii.