An effective participation for grassroots development would only be realised where the grassroots have the freedom to make their own decisions and set their own development priorities, draw their own plans; implement (with their own built-in monitoring and evaluation systems) and ensure a fair share of the fruits of their work (including any costs thereof) for each member of their community.
This paper briefly examines the context of rural growth points in Zimbabwe since Independence (1980). It examines prospects for rural industrial and commercial growth in the light of a highly centralised industrial and commercial base, dominated by monopolistic and oligopolistic firms. A number of possible small scale industry opportunities are identified, which lead to an assessment of the current role of central and local government initiatives
This paper discusses some aspects of the relationship between urbanisation and capitalism in the developing world, particularly Sub-Saharan Africa. This is followed by a general overview of urbanisation in Africa and an examination of urbanisation in Zimbabwe, focusing on some of the problems associated with rapid urbanisation. Finally, some policy implications relating to urbanisation and development in Zimbabwe are reviewed.