You are here
Search results
(1  1 of 1)
 Title
 Scalable pulsed mode computation architecture using integrate and fire structure based on margin propagation
 Creator
 Hindo, Thamira
 Date
 2014
 Collection
 Electronic Theses & Dissertations
 Description

Neuromorphic computing architectures mimic the brain to implement efficient computations for sensory applications in a different way from that of the traditional Von Neumann architecture. The goal of neuromorphic computing systems is to implement sensory devices and systems that operate as efficiently as their biological equivalents. Neuromorphic computing consists of several potential components including parallel processing instead of synchronous processing, hybrid (pulse) computation...
Show moreNeuromorphic computing architectures mimic the brain to implement efficient computations for sensory applications in a different way from that of the traditional Von Neumann architecture. The goal of neuromorphic computing systems is to implement sensory devices and systems that operate as efficiently as their biological equivalents. Neuromorphic computing consists of several potential components including parallel processing instead of synchronous processing, hybrid (pulse) computation instead of digital computation, neuron models as a basic core of the processing instead of the arithmetic logic units, and analog VLSI design instead of digital VLSI design. In this work a new neuromorphic computing architecture is proposed and investigated for the implementation of algorithms based on using the pulsed mode with a neuronbased circuit.The proposed architecture goal is to implement approximate nonlinear functions that are important components of signal processing algorithms. Some of the most important signal processing algorithms are those that mimic biological systems such as hearing, sight and touch. The designed architecture is pulse mode and it maps the functions into an algorithm called margin propagation. The designed structure is a special network of integrateandfire neuronbased circuits that implement the margin propagation algorithm using integration and threshold operations embedded in the transfer function of the neuron model. The integrateandfire neuron units in the network are connected together through excitatory and inhibitory paths to impose constraints on the network firingrate. The advantages of the pulsebased, integrateandfire margin propagation (IFMP) algorithmic unit are to implement complex nonlinear and dynamic programming functions in a scalable way; to implement functions using cascaded design in parallel or serial architecture; to implement the modules in low power and small size circuits of analog VLSI; and to achieve a wide dynamic range since the input parameters of IFMP module are mapped in the logarithmic domain.The newly proposed IFMP algorithmic unit is investigated both on a theoretically basis and an experimental performance basis. The IFMP algorithmic unit is implemented with a low power analog circuit. The circuit is simulated using computer aided design tools and it is fabricated in a 0.5 micron CMOS process. The hardware performance of the fabricated IFMP algorithmic architecture is also measured. The application of the IFMP algorithmic architecture is investigate for three signal processing algorithms including sequence recognition, trace recognition using hidden Markov model and binary classification using a support vector machine. Additionally, the IFMP architecture is investigated for the application of the winnertakeall algorithm, which is important for hearing, sight and touch sensor systems.
Show less